Shipping Routes

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Motorways of the Sea provide an alternative and often complementary solution to road freight and are designed to let trucks, containers and vehicles travel by ship, thus enhancing the importance of maritime transport.
This type of transport not only reduces traffic on roads and motorways, it also significantly reduces air pollution, saves on freight costs and, in many cases, on travel time, thanks to increasingly modern fleets and fast Ro-Ro vessels.
Motorways of the Sea are also based on the concept of intermodality, where goods are quickly unloaded and reloaded between different means of transport.
As described by Decision 884/2004 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 29 April 2004 “The trans-European network of motorways of the sea is intended to concentrate flows of freight on sea-based logistical routes in such a way as to improve existing maritime links or to establish new viable, regular and frequent maritime links for the transport of goods between Member States so as to reduce road congestion and/or improve access to peripheral and island regions and States. Motorways of the sea should not exclude the combined transport of people and goods, provided that goods are predominant“.

The objectives of the Motorways of the Sea are:

  • to improve existing maritime links between EU Member States;
  • to implement new, convenient, regular and frequent services;
  • to reduce road congestion;
  • to improve access to peripheral islands, regions and States;
  • to reduce environmental pollution.

The Green Corridor is an initiative aimed at strengthening and rationalising the cooperation between Italy and Egypt in the agro-food industry. The objective is to increase exports of Egyptian fruit and vegetables to Italy and, through the latter, to Europe, and also to open up Egyptian markets to certain Italian fruit and vegetables. The idea of creating a “Corridor” between Egypt and Europe through Italy has originated from the need to satisfy growing European demand for fresh fruit and vegetables in the period when the European fruit and vegetables market does not have its own production for seasonal reasons.
Potatoes and onions are the main products arriving in Trieste after crossing the Green Corridor (Alexandria-Trieste), along with more perishable products like pomegranates and peppers, which are then distributed in Italy and the rest of Europe.

With regard to IT infrastructure, the Port of Trieste is becoming competitive in an age when almost all loading documents travel ahead on the web. In fact, to allow the port facilities to receive modern types of traffic, work in the docks has become more highly automated and mechanised, and maritime and port activities are being increasingly synchronised with road and rail transport (intermodal systems and logistics), thanks to the introduction of the latest technological innovations (like tracking and tracing) and user-friendly electronic devices to manage and coordinate the products transported. The Port has been equipped with broadband fibre-optic connectivity infrastructure that has recently been integrated with a high-speed WI-FI network.

Austria, Germany and Turkey are all countries of great importance for the Trieste economy. Studies conducted by the University of Trieste have shown that about 60% of the cargo handled by the Port originates from or is bound for Austria. Other research has estimated at 3,500 TEUs per week the potential additional Austrian traffic that could be diverted from North European ports and directed to the Port of Trieste.
Turkey has established a strategic relationship with the Port of Trieste in the last decade, leading to the creation and development of what is now the Mediterranean’s most crowded “Motorway of the Sea”.
Several Turkish shipping companies have started Ro-Ro ferry services between Trieste and ports such as Istanbul, Mersin, Cesme and Ambarli, producing around 5.5 million tons of traffic a year and hence a valuable source of cargo handling income for the Port.
About a third of the total trade between Europe and Turkey passes through the Port of Trieste, including the regular shipments of automotive components sent from Germany, France and Britain to assembly plants in Turkey.